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Systematic Reviews

Systematic Reviews

Time: The average systematic review can take 18 months.

A Team: A systematic review can't be done alone! Your team should include a subject expert to clarify issues related to the topic; a librarian to identify appropriate databases and develop comprehensive search strategies; reviewers (min. of 2) to screen abstracts and read the full-text; a statistician to assist with data analysis; and a project leader to coordinate and write the final report.

A Clearly Defined Question: Define your research question using the PICO or PICOT format.

     P = Patient, Population, and/or Problem

      I = Intervention

     C = Comparison (not always applicable)

     O = Outcome

     T = Time and/or Type of Study

Comprehensive Literature Searches: Work with a librarian to identity appropriate databases to search and to develop the search strategy.

Citation Management: Use a citation management program to help manage citations retrieved from the literature search.

Standards: Institute of Medicine Standards for Systematic Reviews